Enlarged Prostate / BPH - Symptoms
The symptoms caused by BPH can be divided into bladder emptying and bladder filling symptoms -
Emptying (voiding) symptoms include -
Difficulty initiating urination (Hesitancy)
Poor urinary flow rate and interrupted stream
A feeling of incomplete bladder emptying (urinary retention)
Leakage after urination (post micturition dribble)
Bladder filling symptoms due to BPH are usually a result of incomplete bladder emptying (chronic urinary retention) or overactive bladder syndrome developing as a result of the bladder outlet obstruction. They include -
Frequent urination during the day (frequency) and night time (nocturia)
Sudden urges to pass urine (urinary urgency).
BPH left untreated can cause long term damage to the bladder and kidneys. A sudden and painful complete inability to urinate may develop (acute urinary retention). Urinary tract infection, urinary bleeding, bladder stone formation and kidney failure can also occur.