Enlarged Prostate / BPH
Prostatic enlargement or Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy (BPH) is the gradual increase in size of the prostate gland that occurs as part of the normal aging process. BPH is not cancer nor is it a risk factor for developing prostate cancer.
The prostate is a gland which secretes fluid that is part of the ejaculate. It completely encircles the waterpipe (urethra). If the prostate becomes enlarged it can cause obstruction to the outflow of urine from the bladder and the development of urinary symptoms.
BPH is a very common condition affecting half of men over 50 years old. It is not fully understood why the prostate starts to enlarge – having first degree relatives is a risk factor which suggests a genetic component. BPH may be a result of subtle hormonal imbalances in the prostate gland.